Chinese people celebrate
Spring Festival with their families
The employee will be given all statutory holidays. Those holidays are National Day, New Year’s Day, Spring Festival, Labor Day, Qingming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid Autumn Festival. On Christmas day there is also a paid day off provided
New Year’s Painting
Spring Festival, like Christmas day in Western countries, is the most important festival in China and is when all family members get together.
The historical reason for beginning the New Year in such a time is that it is the time between the autumn harvest and spring ploughing. It is the time for rest, relax and celebration after a year’s toil.
Spring festival is a time for celebrating with family and friends, no matter wherever or how busy they are, the Chinese will squeeze onto the roads and travel home to spend the festival season with their family members. Traditionally, the Chinese celebrate the Spring Festival in the following ways: Spring cleaning and Spring decorating. From December 23rd in the Chinese calendar, people begin to clean their houses to bid farewell to the old year and usher in a happy and fresh new year. About spring decorating, people hang flowers-decorated red lanterns in front of their houses. Office buildings and stores are also decorated with red lanterns. Red couplets-red posters with black Chinese calligraphy, colored New Year paintings are posted on the doors of people’s houses. They symbolize happiness, prosperity and good luck in the New Year.
International Labor Day (also known as May Day) is a celebration of the international labour movement and left-wing movements. It commonly sees organized street demonstrations and marches by working people and their labour unions throughout most of the world. May 1st is a national holiday in more than 80 countries. It is also celebrated unofficially in many other countries.
Qingming Festival, also known as the Tomb Sweeping Festival, is the 4th solar term of the Chinese 24 solar terms. Qingming, meaning clear and bright, is the day for mourning the dead. It falls in early April every year. It corresponds with the onset of warmer weather, the start of spring plowing, and of family outings.
In ancient China, Qingming was by no means the only time when sacrifices were made to ancestors. In fact such ceremonies were held very frequently, about every two weeks, in addition to other important holiday sand festivals. The formalities of these ceremonies were in general very elaborate and expensive in terms of time and money.
In an effort to reduce this expense, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty declared in 732 AD that respects would be formally paid at the tombs of ancestors only on the day of Qingming. This is the custom that continues to date. People will visit their ancestors' graves. They will tidy up, remove weeds and sweep away leaves. This is why Qingming is also known as the Grave Sweeping Day.
Qingming is the festival which all Chinese people offer sacrifices to ancestors. It is not just a day of remembrance; it is also a day to celebrate the coming of spring, often by going out for a picnic. With the coming of spring, nature wakes up, dressing the world in green. All is new, clean and fresh. During the Qing Ming Festival Chinese people usually do activities such as tomb sweeping, spring outings or kite flying
Dragon Boat Festival
The Dragon Boat Festival is both a very interesting and funny festival, and the one with the longest history. Though there are many theories on how this holiday originated, the most popular one is that of patriotic poet Qu Yuan and his suicide in 278 BCE during the Warring States Period in China. Qu Yuan was from the State of Chu (one of seven states) who was exiled by the King.
In exile, he wrote many famous poems, including Li Sao, reflecting the love and passion he had for his country. It was when another state, the State of Qin, captured the capital of Chu that Qu Yuan drown himself in the Miluo River on the fifth day of the fifth month. He was protesting the corruption of that era, refusing to see his country occupied and conquered by the State of Qin.
The people who admired and respected him from the village paddled out in their boats to look for his body in the river. They also threw in rice wrapped in bamboo leaves (traditional Chinese rice-pudding) to feed the fish. This way, the fish would eat the rice instead of Qu Yuan’s body.
Traditional Chinese rice-pudding
Later, the people kept throwing in this kind of pudding on the fifth day of the fifth month as a way of paying their respects to the poet. This is where and how the Dragon Boat Festival, sometimes called Poet’s Day (since Qu Yuan was a poet) started.
Many traditional customs and activities are held on the specified day by people in China and even by some people in neighboring countries. Among these customs are dragon boat racing, eating traditional Chinese rice-pudding, wearing a perfume pouch, tying a five-color silk thread and hanging mugwort leaves and calamus.
The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated by boat races in the shape of dragons. Competing teams row their boats forward to a drumbeat racing to reach the finish. Dragon boats are thus named because the fore and stern of the boat is in a shape of traditional Chinese dragon. A team of people works the oars in a bid to reach the destination before the other teams. One team member sits at the front of the boat beating a drum in order to maintain morale and ensure that the rowers keep in time with one another. Legend holds that the race originates from the idea of the people who rowed their boats to save Qu yuan after he drowned himself in the river. It is said that the winning team will bring harvest and a happy life to the people of their village.
The picture of Chang’e
Mid-autumn Festival is another holiday when family members celebrate together happily.
It is said that the earth once had ten suns circling over it, each taking turn to illuminate the earth. One day, however, all ten suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat.Houyi , a strong and tyrannical archer, saved the earth by shooting down nine of the suns. He eventually became King, but grew to become a despot.
One day, Houyi stole the elixir from a goddess. However, his beautiful wife, Chang’e, drank it so as to save the people from her husband’s tyrannical rule. After drinking it, she found herself floating, and flew to the moon. Houyi loved his divinely beautiful wife so much; he did not shoot down the moon. Chang'e flew to the moon grabbing a rabbit to keep her company. So the Chinese say that if you look up at the moon to this day you can sometimes see a rabbit making moon cakes.
Chinese People value this festival for its important meaning of “reunion”. Mooncake is the symbolic food. It represents the “reunion” just like the full moon.
Traditionally, on Mid-Autumn Day, Chinese family members and friends will get together to admire the bright mid-autumn harvest moon, and eat moon cakes and pomeloes together. Accompanying the celebration, there are additional cultural or regional customs, such as eating moon cakes outside under the moon, carrying brightly lit lanterns, lighting lanterns on towers, floating sky lanterns, burning incense in reverence to deities including Chang'e, planting Mid-Autumn trees, collecting dandelion leaves and distributing them evenly among family members and Fire Dragon Dances